|First Aid - Head, Neck and Spine Injury (page 10 of 11)|
|The skull is a bony structure, and its purpose is protecting the brain from any damage. If the injury to the head occurs there is always a risk of brain damage. Also, it should always be assumed, that if there is a risk of head injury then there is also a risk of spine injury and neck injury.
You should suspect a head, neck or spine injury in case of the following accidents:
- Car or motorcycle accident, even minor bump can cause internal head injury
- Fall from height
- Injury to the head, fight, sporting event, etc.
You should suspect a head, neck or spine injury if the symptoms below follow the accident:
- Lack of responsiveness or moaning
- Vision problems or confusion
- Trouble walking or moving
- Seizures, Vomiting, or Headache
Steps for administering First Aid:
- As always, make sure the scene is safe for you and the victim(s)
- Phone or ask someone to phone 911
- Hold the neck and head so it does not move, twists, or bend
- Turn the victim only if: *victim is in danger, *if you need to check if the victim is breathing, *if the victim is vomiting
- If the victim does not respond, begin CPR
Important: If you must turn, make sure you are holding the head and neck in place to avoid/minimize movement, twisting or bending. Ideally, this requires two rescuers.
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