CPR Course - Child (6 of 14)    

Child CPR (1-8 years of age)

The steps for performing CPR for children are similar to adult; however, there are key differences which are essential to remember.

Difference 1:  Assuming there is no one to help, in adult scenario it is better to call 911 prior to initiating CPR, in case of a child initiate CPR prior to calling 911. Perform 5 reps of 30 compressions with two mouth to mouth breaths in between. Once done, then phone 911.

Difference 2:  While checking for signs of life, listening to breathing, also place your index and adjacent finger on the victim's carotid artery to feel for pulse, and while counting from 10 to 0 besides listening for breathing, determine if the victim also has a pulse (watch the video on the next page for more detail).

Difference 3:  When performing compressions, depending on the size/age of the child you may use one or two hands.

Difference 4:  The depth of the compression should be 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest. 


Before proceeding with Child CPR:

  • Make sure you are not in any danger
  • Make sure the victim is not in danger
  • Avoid moving the victim unless there is in immediate danger or you are preparing for CPR
  • Assess the surroundings for any people who can help
  • Make sure you are aware of your location (for ex. floor in the building, etc), to help emergency responders locate you
  • Determine if the victim is conscious or unconscious by positioning yourself next to the victim, and shouting "Are you OK?, Are you OK?" while tapping the victim on the shoulder several times
  • If unconscious, and help is available, have the person call 911 and report back to you, if you are alone, (Difference 1) initiate CPR and perform 5 reps of 30 compressions with two rescue breaths in between, once done call 911