CPR Course - Child (6 of 14)    

Child CPR (1-8 years of age)

The steps for performing CPR for children are similar to adult; however, there are key differences which are essential to remember.

Difference 1:  Assuming there is no one to help, in adult scenario it is recommended to call 911 prior to initiating CPR, in case of a child initiate CPR prior to calling 911. Perform 5 reps of 30 compressions with two rescue breaths in between, then call 911.

Difference 2:  Counting from 10 to 0, place your index and adjacent finger on the victim's carotid artery to perform pulse check and simultaneously listen for breathing. (watch the video on the next page for more detail).

Difference 3:  When performing compressions, depending on the size/age of the child you may use one or two hands.

Difference 4:  The depth of the compression should be 1/3 depth of the chest or about 2 inches. 


Before proceeding with Child CPR:

  • Assess the environment to make sure you and the victim are not in danger
  • Make sure you are aware of your location to help emergency responders locate you
  • Assess the surroundings for anyone who can help
  • Avoid moving the victim unless there is an immediate danger to you or the victim
  • Determine if the victim is conscious or unconscious by positioning yourself next to the victim, tapping him/her on the shoulder and shouting   "Are you OK? Are you Ok?"
  • Assess for no breathing or only gasping and check pulse. This should be performed simultaneously in less than 10 seconds.
  • If unconscious and help is available, immediately ask someone to call 911 and report back to you. If alone, (Difference 1) initiate CPR and perform 5 reps of 30 compressions with 2 rescue breaths in between, then call 911. Leave the phone next to the victim.