CPR Course - Adult/Child/Infant CPR Review (14 of 14)  
  Lets summarize key concepts, which were introduced during the course and are important to know for the exam:

Timeline for brain death/permanent damage after the heart has stopped beating:

0 to 4 minutes after exhibiting symptoms

Chances of Brain Damage Minimal

4 to 6 minutes after exhibiting symptoms

Chances of Brain Damage Possible

6 to 10 minutes after exhibiting symptoms

Chances of Brain Damage Likely

Greater than 10 minutes after exhibiting symptoms

Chances of Brain Death Likely


The following condition warrants immediate CPR: 1) Victim is unconscious; 2) Victim is not breathing; 3) Victim has no pulse

Before CPR make sure that:
The victim and you are safe and you know your location. If the victim is an adult, call 911 before CPR. If the victim is a child/infant, initiate CPR and perform 5 reps of 30 compressions with 2 rescue breaths or 2 minutes of CPR, then call 911.

CPR

  • C-Compressions, after checking for pulse via carotid artery or brachial artery for infant, perform 30 compressions, interrupted by two mouth to mouth breaths, one second each; repeat until emergency services arrive 
  • A-Airway, Clear the airway and check for any obstructions;
  • B-Breathing, perform 2 rescue breaths 1 second each;
  • Recommended position for performing CPR is to have victim lying flat on his back
  • Recommended rate for effective compressions for adult/child is 100 to 120 compressions per minute
  • When performing compressions, make sure the chest returns to its original position
  • When performing adult CPR the depth of the compressions should be at least 2 inches deep (but not greater than 2.4 inches)
  • When performing child CPR, make sure your compressions are 1/3 of the depth of the chest or 2 inches deep
  • When performing infant CPR, make sure your compressions are 1/3 of the depth of the chest or 1 1/2 inches deep
  • For a child, depending on the size, you can use one or two hands
  • For an infant, use two fingers
  • If not comfortable performing mouth to mouth, call 911, but at least administer external chest compressions until help arrives. Note, conventional CPR is still advised for pediatric victims.

Proceed to First Aid