CPR Course - Infant (10 of 14)


Infant CPR (younger than 1 year)

The steps for performing CPR for infant are slightly different to adult and child;

Difference 1:   Administration of CPR prior calling 911

Perform 5 reps of 30 compressions with two mouth to mouth breaths in between. Once done, then phone 911.

Difference 2:  Breathing

When performing mouth to mouth on infant, make sure you cover the victim's nose as well as mouth.

Difference 3:  Circulation Check 

After completing first 2 rescue breaths, check if the infant has a pulse by placing your index and middle fingers on the inside of the arm, between the shoulder and elbow. 

Infant CPRDifference 4:  Chest Compressions

When performing compressions, place 2 fingers on the breastbone (see video for more detail) -- just below the nipples and make sure not to press at the very end of the breastbone.  Keep your other hand on the infant's forehead, keeping the head tilted back.

Difference 5:  Depth of Compressions

Press down on the infant's chest so that it compresses about 1/3 of the depth of the chest, about 1 1/2 inches.

Before proceeding with Infant CPR:

  • Assess the environment to make sure you and the victim are not in danger
  • Make sure you are aware of your location to help emergency responders locate you
  • Assess the surroundings for anyone who can help
  • Avoid moving the victim unless there is an immediate danger to you or the victim
  • Determine if the victim is conscious or unconscious by positioning yourself next to the infant, and determine if the infant is responsive by tapping/flicking the victim on the foot several times
  • Assess for no breathing or only gasping and check pulse. This should be performed simultaneously in less than 10 seconds.
  • If unconscious and help is available, immediately ask someone to call 911 and report back to you. If alone, (Difference 1) initiate CPR and perform 5 reps of 30 compressions with 2 rescue breaths in between, then call 911. Leave the phone next to the victim.